How to Keep the Kidneys Healthy
Will only kidney patients be aware of kidney disease? Certainly not. Kidney disease is a silent killer. Even if someone has kidney failure in silence, no physical problem can be felt. When it does, the disease may have gotten worse. So any healthy person also needs to know the way to keep the kidneys good, to prevent kidney failure.
What to do to keep the kidneys well
- Everyone needs to drink enough water to keep their kidneys healthy. This water must be safe. Illness (fever, diarrhea, vomiting, etc.) and increased demand for water after exercise. Adequate water, saline, and other liquid foods must be consumed, especially in case of diarrhea or vomiting. The demand for water is also high for pregnant and lactating mothers. The demand for water decreases due to climate change.
- Keep the weight under control.
- Develop a balanced diet.
- Exercise at least 30 minutes every day (even if you can’t do it every day of the week). Good for walking, running, cycling, and free-hand exercises.
- Smoking, drinking, and alcohol are prohibited. Smokers’ blood flow to the kidneys is reduced. Decreased kidney function. It also increases the risk of cancer.
- I want enough sleep every day. Keep stress under control.
It is recommended to consult a doctor
- It is better not to take medicine without a doctor’s advice. Especially painkillers should not be taken at all.
- Everyone should have their blood pressure, diabetes, blood fats, and urine routine checked once a year (to determine the presence of protein and sugar in the urine) once a year, even if there are no problems after the age of 40. In addition, blood tests should be done to check the performance of the kidneys. Studies have shown that 32% of patients with high blood pressure do not know that they have high blood pressure. Even though it is known again, the blood pressure of half of the people is not under control. In the end, only 25 percent of the total patient can control their blood pressure. The same thing applies to diabetes. About 80 percent of people do not know he has diabetes. But due to the presence of these diseases, the patient’s kidneys are slowly losing their performance.
- Diabetes or high blood pressure or high blood fats must be controlled. These are the main causes of kidney failure.
- Know the symptoms of kidney disease. Symptoms of kidney disease may include loss of appetite, nausea, decreased urination, and watery feet. Take treatment as soon as symptoms appear.
- Find out from your doctor about the dos and don’ts of any long-term illness and the signs of complications. The patient’s family or the person who cares for the patient also needs to know the issues.
- Something about eating habits
- Excessive salt is harmful to the kidneys. A healthy person can take 5-6 grams of salt daily. But keep in mind, there is a lot of salt in the cooking. So do not take extra salt in the leaves. Not even with salads or fruit. You can use different spices to make the cooking delicious without using too much salt.
- Boiled food is better than fried food. You can eat baked food. Avoid excess oils and fats.
- Avoid foods high in trans fats and saturated fats. Make it a habit to eat skim milk. It is better to eat less cheese and mayonnaise. If you want to eat pizza occasionally, eat less cheese pizza, and choose vegetables in the topping.
Eat foods with or without sugar.
- Avoid refined foods. Choose whole-grain or whole-grain cereals.
- Eat slowly over time.
Need to know
Everyone should know about the common symptoms and complications of kidney disease. Most people in our country do not know these things. Ordinary people have less health education and less interest. Many times the rate of misinformation is high. Physicians, nurses, all health workers, public and private-public health professionals, and political policymakers all need to be aware of kidney health and work from their place for recovery. It is also necessary to build a movement through social media. (Dr. Rafia Alam)